To provide a procedures for safe use of ladders at work place
Ladders are generally used to reach and work at an elevated point.
It is not uncommon to find people using chairs, boxes, broken or unsafe ladders, etc. for climbing. Falls are invitable. Most of the injured may not have even received proper instructions in the safe use of ladders.
Guidelines are provided here to use ladders correctly.
2.1 Inspect ladders before use. Looks out for broken or missing rungs, siderails, oily or greasy step (rungs). Repairs them or replace them f found defective.
2.2 Check feet of ladders to ensurre they are study and not easy to get slipped.
2.3 Select right ladder for a required job. Ladder should not be too long or too short.
Appropriate length could be when one can reach to the point of work without
over-stretching, standing on the 3rd or 4th rung from top.
NEVER STEP ON TOP TWO RUNGS.
2.4 Extension ladders must have an overlap of atleast 3 rungs.
2.5 Do not place portable single ladder in a perpendicular position. Safe rule is to set the base
of the ladder one quarter the working length of the ladder from the wall.
2.6 Ensure that the portable single ladder is tied or supported securely to any firm pipe-line
or railing. In case holding facility is not available, provide for a standby person to steady the
2.7 Stepladders should also be checked for side-bar locking arrangement – Make sure legs
are fully open before stepping on the ladder. DO NOT STAND ON THE TOP PLLATE OF THE
2.8 When climbing, keep both the hands on the siderails.
2.9 When working, keep one hand on the ladder, however, when both hands have to be free
for working, use ladder safety belt.
2.1 While working or descending, face the ladder. Don’t Rush . Don’t jump off the
2.2 When working, ensure that your body remains within the siderails and you have not to
lean excessively to reach to a point of work.
Move the ladder, if you have to lean too far.
2.3 When climbing, beware of overhead hazards such as ceiling fans, wires, pielines, etc.
2.4 NEVER USE METAL LADDERS AROUND ELECTRICITY OR CARRYING OUT
ELECTRICAL RREPAIRES. Wet wodden ladders are equally dangerous.
2.5 Using fixed ladders (attached to high rise structure or a tank) attach safety belt to safety
sliding device on ladder or ensure metal hoop-cage is provided when structure is very tall (20
feet or more).
2.6 Inspect at regular intervals rungs, cage attachments to structure, and ensure proper
2.7 Always face ladder when climbing or descending fixed ladders.